In an article titled “Jihad vs. McWorld,”Benjamin R. Barber highlights the two conflicting paths available for globalization. On one hand, McWorld is a path for globalization that emphasizes international homogenization. In contrast, the Jihad path for globalization places cultural differences as paramount. In the jihad world, homogenization can be viewed as worse than death. For those in favor of the liberalism’s ideal world of peace and free trade, jihad is a major complication. Liberalism assumes that all people, in all places, are in agreement with the liberal ideas of an ideal world.
See Bikini vs. Burkas.
In recent year it has become clear this is not the case. Many non-Western countries, but not all are accepting western ideals and cultures. The region or the world that may come first to mind is the Middle East. Liberal ideals may never come to fruition in the Middle East because of religion. Religion for many trumps political ideology, and in some nation states, religion is the political ideology. I think the theory of liberalism is a strong one, but it’s dependence on the international acceptance of a western view point will likely lead to it’s failure if the war between McWorld and Jihad is won by Jihad. If McWorld wins? Then it’s a whole new ball game.