One of the most detrimental effects of the LHWP has been the increase in HIV/AIDS among the Lesotho inhabitants. Approximately 24% of the population has contracted the disease, making Lesotho one of the top 3 most affected countries in the world. In response to these consequences, the Clinton Health Access Initiative (CHAI) has intervened with the goal to provide access to higher quality and lower cost testing and treatment. CHAI has improved treatment by developing a laboratory management training program, lowering the cost of rapid testing by up to 50%, reaching price reductions of up to 80% for equipment and reagents, and establishing new clinics. In 2006, CHAI established a program called “Know Your Status,” which encouraged everyone in the country above the age of 12 to get tested for HIV.
Young women have been affected most by the disease. Tsepang Setaka is among them and has taken on a proactive role in fighting this epidemic by working at clinics and spreading awareness. According to Tsepang, thanks to CHAI “people are now willing to be tested because the drugs are there and they know they will get the care they need.”