Who has authority over global crime? Organized crime continues to evolve as technology and communication allow for greater social mobility. Transnational crime groups are mainly located in global cities and often in ethnic neighborhoods. Crime groups offer incentives to marginalized groups and operate as businesses. The ethnic neighborhood conceals the crime group because of the culture. The language and suspicion of police create barriers for local authorities. These ethnic neighborhoods not only make the local aspects of crime possible, but also the international aspects. Communities of minority groups have connections to family in other nations; we have discussed the transnational communities. Transnationalism allows a person to belong to a community that includes their physical community as well as a community of exchange and connection across borders. these transnational communities can play a role in international crime.
Crime groups blend in to legitimate businesses and are similar to businesses because they embrace the market’s logic and dynamism and are hierarchical. Triads are Chinese criminal groups that have smuggled people in to the United States. There was great demand for labor in the United States and the groups were able to fill this market demand. Triads began as resistance movements, in “Global Organized Crime,” Mittleman argues that crime groups are a “form of resistance to the dominant mode of globalization. “ Are there universal modes of globalization?