During the different women’s movements that have occurred throughout our world’s history, the role of INGOs and NGOs has been crucial to their progression and success. These organizations that have foundations outside of governmental bodies have found such success because their abilities to advocate an bring awareness to greater populations that gives them both financial and emotional backing to help sustain their agendas. However, while some of these organizations have proved to be long term change agents on behalf of women beyond the world, others have had reverse effects in the fight for women’s empowerment. In the case of female genital mutilation, INGOs have historically take an educational approach to empowerment, teaching local women about the severe health risk associated with FGM. If women are only provides educational and health support, their quality of live may not be improved due to religious and cultural belief systems that require FGM for social instituions (ie marriage). Other more successful organizations, provide both health and cultural support in which helps them reach their goals of women empowerment. Of the new age organizations, Half the Sky‘s model promotes an unconventional framework in order to advocate for women’s rights.
Derived from Nicholas Christof and Sheryl WuDunn’s bestselling novel,Half the Sky: Turning Oppression into Opportunity for Women Worldwide, this unique INGO has vowed to impact and improve the lives of women around the world. On a local front, Half the Sky funders and figureheads work with various NGOs located around the world in which focus thier operations one of the movements six major issues worldwide: economic empowerment, education, forced pros
titution, gender based violence, maternal mortality, and sex trafficking. On a global front, they attempt to raise awareness and foster advocacy from people around the world by using popular American celebrity figure heads ( Eva Mendes, Meg Ryan, Gabrielle Union, America Ferrera, Diane Lane, and Olivia Wild) in a documentary form in order to funnel people’s attention to the severity of thesewomen’s issues. In addition, the movement has smaller delegations set up in different American institutions such as college campuses and community centers. These delegations do their part to inspire their communities to stand up and fight against the by contributing their time and money to the larger cause. Then, Half the Sky helps to distribute funding and assist in publicizing for a large number of NGOs, that focus on special interest, and helps them support and sustain their operations.
For example, Half the Sky partners up with the Edna Adan University Hospital, a local NGO located in Somaliland in East Africa, run by Somali maternal rights activist and medical professional Edna Adan Ismali. This local hospital
not only attempts to improve the overall health of women in the region, but it more specifically advocates for women and young girls’ maternal rights. More specifically this NGO is notorious for providing care for women who suffer from complications caused by FGM and advocating for protection under the law of the land. In addition to providing care and education, they provide other services for women who have been ostracized because of their refusal to submit to genital cutting that often occurs in
local religions. With the funding she receives from the Half the Sky movement, this organization can provide improving the well-being for women both health-wise and in their ability to stay afloat socially will rejecting certain customs.
Half the Sky promotes a sustainable model in their approach to advocacy, which appears will assists in making a larger impact in the lives of women across the globe for a longer period of time.