Samuel P. Huntington’s piece was particularly compelling. He states, “It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural” (37). I absolutely agree. He asserts that cultural differences are fundamentally basic. Put simply, civilizations are rooted in and thrive off of a unique culture and identity built upon years of individual history. When two or more civilizations converge, each opens the floor for the others’ ideas, rituals, and traditions to shape its own.
What Huntington refers to as a “clash of civilizations” reminded me of a class I took last fall on Francophone African Cinema. We studied the impact colonization, globalisation, and the western world had on post-colonial Francophone Africa. The movie Hyenes directed by Djibril D. Mambety especially highlights Huntington’s clash of civilizations between the developed western world and the developing third world. Mambety satirically depicts the massive footprint French colonization left on Senegal as well as the extensive influence globalization had over Senegal’s culture and traditions at then end of the twentieth century. In Hyenes, materialistic western objects like shoes, air conditioners, and refrigerators prove seriously toxic to the relationships in the film. Mambety seems to assert that western rituals and habits do not necessarily fit into traditional senegalese customs and eventually can become destructive. Through comedy and satire the audience experiences firsthand the potent force that is globalization.
I have attached the official Hyenes trailer as well as one I made for my cinema class. The trailer I created contains several clips from the film.
official Hyenes trailer
trailer I made for class that contains clips from Hyenes