It seems clear to me that the entire world now understands the far reaching complexities of our various environmental crises. They are not upheld or constrained by borders, but stretched across all lands no matter what sovereign nation may may take claim to one section of land or water. It is the earth’s land, the earth’s water and the earth’s resources, and we are all dependent on them. Therefore, a more strict global code and approach should be deployed to address this global issue. As with the transnational wars on drugs, sex-trafficking, and intelligence, countries will have to abandon some sovereignty and work along side other countries to combat the war to save the environment.
The stated principles of the 1992 United Nations Conference in Rio has many ambitious and logical goals but it is clear they are not being followed, especially by developed nations. A new allegiance to a larger global order on the matter needs to be instilled earth-wide, one where accountability and responsibility are insured to those in positions of power. Also, as certain crises reach a point of no return, I no longer believe every state has the “sovereign right to exploit their own resources pursuant to their own environmental and development policies” (439). This damages other states as well if one country decides to be reckless. On the issue of the water shortage, some east African countries have no water to irrigate land because of dams and water practices in countries where their water flows from. This is a global issue that requires accountability to a stricter global order and law.
On the issue of poorer developing nations not having the same opportunities of already developed nations (raping the land and polluting ecosystems to reach out current status), the now developed nations have a responsibility to support these countries so they do not have to resort to using up their natural resources. As the World Commission on Environment and Development published, “poverty is a major cause and effect of global environmental problems” (433). Addressing this issue is also, therefore, part of the solution. So developing countries do not need to destroy the environment to profit, wealthier countries with the aid of a global environmental initiative need to help instill sustainable practices and provide whatever technology they may need to first and foremost protect the environment. It is time to both think globally and act globally.